Nick Budak

Classical Arabic

Classical Arabic (Arabic: ٱلْعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلْفُصْحَىٰ‎, al-ʿarabīyah al-fuṣḥā) or Quranic Arabic is the standardized literary form of the Arabic language used from the 7th century and throughout the Middle Ages, most notably in Umayyad and Abbasid literary texts, such as poetry, elevated prose, and oratory, and is also the liturgical language of Islam.

Irene Kirchner

Irene K. F. Kirchner.

Phd Student, Georgetown University

Irene K. F. Kirchner is a PhD candidate in the department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Georgetown University working under the supervision of Prof. Jonathan Brown and Prof. Felicitas Opwis. is particularly interested in the reception history of Hadith forgeries (Mawḍū‘āt), Islamic economic law and the sharia compliancy of cryptocurrencies, religious epistemology and theory of religion. During her PhD, she has started to delve into computational analysis techniques such as Text Mining and Topic Modelling and is exploring the intersection between Islamic Studies and the Digital Humanities. In 2018, she founded the Islamicate Digital Humanities Network ( for which she currently serves as the director. She holds a Magister Artium degree (German master’s degree) in Literature, Philosophy and Islamic Studies from the University of Tübingen, Germany and previously taught for the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) at the University of Alexandria, Egypt.

Irene Kirshner

Dr. Maroussia Bednarkiewicz

Postdoctoral researcher, Universität Tübingen

Maroussia Bednarkiewicz is a postdoctoral researcher at the Asia-Orient Institute at the University of Tuebingen. She completed her PhD in Islamic Studies at the University of Oxford. In her doctoral thesis she analyzes the early history of the Islamic call to prayer in the so-called hadith literature. Her project in Tübingen, in cooperation with the Cluster of Excellence for Machine Learning, concerns the development of new digital methods for the investigation of Hadith texts and Arabic literature.